NEC Corporation is a multi-national information
technologies company headquartered in Minato-key, Tokyo, Japan. NEC's
Electron Devices business includes semiconductors, displays and other
Maeda handled company sales.
It was the common battery switch board supplied by NEC. NEC started exporting
telephone sets to China in 1904.
Expansion of the Japanese telephone service
NEC Sales fell sixty percent between 1912 and 1915.
In 1919, NEC started its first association with Sumitomo. As part of the
venture, NEC provided cable manufacturing equipment to Sumitomo Densen.
Four of NEC's factories were destroyed, damaging 105 of NEC's engineers
and workers. NEC participated in the installation of the automatic switching
systems, ultimately becoming the general sales agent for ATM. NEC developed
its own Stronger-type automatic switching system in 1924, a first in Japan.
NEC started their radio communications business in 1924. NEC imported
the broadcasting equipment from Western Electric. NEC established a radio
research unit 1924. NEC started developing electron tubes in 1925.
Carrier Transmission Equipment
In 1929 Nippon Electric provided Japan's Ministry of Communications with
the A-type switching system.
NEC began transistor research and development in 1950. NEC produced the
first crossbar switching system in Japan. NEC began joint research and
development with NTT of electronic switching systems the same year. NEC
established Taiwan Telecommunication Company as their first postwar overseas
joint venture in 1958. In 1959 NEC demonstrated their first transistorized
computer, the NEAC-2201. NEC de Mexico, S. A. de C. V., NEC do Brazil,
S. A., NEC Australia Pty. Ltd. were established between 1968 and 1969.
NEC supplied Comsat Corporation with the SPADE satellite communications
system in 1971. In 1972, Switzerland ordered a NEC satellite communications
earth station. NEC also designed an automated broadcasting system for
the Japan Broadcasting Corporation the same year. NEC Electronics (Europe)
GmbH was also established. NEC America Inc. opened a plant in Dallas Texas
to manufacture PABX and telephone systems in 1978. In 1980, NEC
created the first digital signal processor, the NEC µPD7710. NEC
Semiconductors (UK) Ltd. was established in 1981, producing VLSI’s
and Leis. NEC introduced the 16-bit PC-9800 series personal computer in
1982. NEC changed its English company name to NEC Corporation the same
year. NEC Information Systems, Inc. started manufacturing computers and
related products in the United States in 1984. In 1993 NEC's asynchronous
transfer mode (ATM) switching system, the NEAX61 (Nippon Electronic Automatic
Exchange) ATM Service Node, went into service in the United States. The
NEC C&C Research Laboratories, NEC Europe, Ltd. were opened in Germany
in 1994. NEC (China) Co, Ltd. was established as a holding
company for Chinese operations in 1996. NEC celebrated their 100th anniversary
in 1999. NEC Electronics Corporation was separated from NEC in 2002 as
a new semiconductor company. NEC Laboratories America, Inc. (NEC Labs)
was created in November, 2002 as a merger of NEC Research Institute (NECI)
and NEC USA’s Computer and Communications Research Laboratory (CCRL).
They are now one of the worlds leading mobile phone producers, especially
in the ASIA pacific region.